Allana Delgado

About this Guide
This subject, SpT 3202: Multiculturalism and Indigenous Knowledge in Libraries and Information Centers, is one of the new subjects for the latest curriculum followed by BLIS. It will be offered for the first time for BLIS students this 2nd semester, S.Y. 2021-2022.

This guide includes links to relevant information resources, books, and articles on the subject.
About Multiculturalism and Indigenous Knowledge
Multiculturalism refers to the "co-existence of diverse cultures, where culture includes racial, religious, or cultural groups and is manifested in customary behaviours, cultural assumptions and values, patterns of thinking, and communicative styles."

Who are Indigenous Peoples?
Practicing unique traditions, they retain social, cultural, economic and political characteristics that are distinct from those of the dominant societies in which they live.

Considering the diversity of indigenous peoples, an official definition of “indigenous” has not been adopted by any UN-system body. Instead the system has developed a modern understanding of this term based on the following: 
  • Self- identification as indigenous peoples at the individual level and accepted by the community as their  member. 
  • Historical continuity with pre-colonial and/or pre-settler societies 
  • Strong link to territories and surrounding natural resources 
  • Distinct social, economic or political systems 
  • Distinct language, culture and beliefs 
  • Form non-dominant groups of society 
  • Resolve to maintain and reproduce their ancestral environments and systems as distinctive peoples and communities.
Indigenous Culture and Knowledge 
Indigenous peoples are the holders of unique languages, knowledge systems and beliefs and possess invaluable  knowledge of practices for the sustainable management of natural resources. They have a special relation to and use of their traditional land. Their ancestral land has a fundamental importance for their collective physical and  cultural survival as peoples. Indigenous peoples hold their own diverse concepts of development, based on their traditional values, visions, needs and priorities (Source: United Nations).

Ten Reasons to Offer Multicultural Library Services (from IFLA)
  1. A library’s mission is to serve its community, which in many cases is multicultural and multilingual, or becoming increasingly culturally diverse.
  2. Multicultural and multilingual library services ensure equality of service and access to information.
  3. In an era of globalization with more ease in transborder communication and travel, individuals need to learn about other cultures, languages, and peoples, which foster appreciation for different experiences and broaden one’s outlook on life.
  4. Information in languages and through channels accessible to diverse user communities enables their democratic participation in civil society.
  5. Information on one’s own heritage as well as others reinforces one’s own culture and promotes understanding of other experiences and perspectives, respectively, and contributes in the development of a more harmonious society.
  6. Information in languages and through channels appropriate to diverse user communities promotes multiple literacies, which facilitate the acquisition of new knowledge and skills to ensure equality of opportunity in all realms of civil society.
  7. The world’s knowledge, creative forms of expression, and cultural practices are documented in diverse formats and languages, thus, the offering of a multicultural collection should be made available for all to access.
  8. Learning of different forms of creative expression, work and problem solving lead to fresh insights and opinions which can result in novel ways to innovate, act and resolve situations
  9. Information about and for a library’s multicultural community demonstrates that community members and their cultures are valued.
  10. Libraries are spaces for intellectual and recreational engagement and libraries offering multicultural and multilingual services, and collections become a community space to bring people together.
Organizations and Libraries on Multiculturalism
Books in the Library
  • Baker, David, and Wendy Evans. Libraries and society : role, responsibility and future in an age of change. Oxford: Chandos Publishing, 2011.
  • Dame, Melvina A. Serving linguistically and culturally diverse students: strategies for the school library media specialist. New York: Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc., 1993.
  • Evans, Nancy. Cultivating strong girls : library programming that builds self-esteem and challenges inequality. Santa Barbara, California: Libraries Unlimited, an imprint of ABC-CLIO, LLC, 2018.
  • Gilton, Donna L. Lifelong learning in public libraries : principles, programs, and people. Lanham: The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2012.
  • Gollnick, Donna M. Multicultural education in a pluralistic society. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1998.
  • Hanna, Kathleen A., Mindy M. Cooper, and Robin A. Crumrin. Diversity programming and outreach for academic libraries. Oxford: Chandos, 2011.
  • Hernon, Peter, and Philip J. Calvert. Improving the quality of library services fro students with disabilities. Westport, Connecticut: Libraries Unlimited, 2006.
  • Latrobe, Kathy H., and Mildred Laughlin. Multicultural aspects of library media programs. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1992.
  • Roberts, Ann, and Richard J. Smith. Crash course in library services to people with disabilities. California: Libraries Unlimited, 2010.
Open Access Books
Other Resources
Information and Education
Multiculturalism and Diversity LGBTQA+ Resources
  • The Safe Zone Project
    The Safe Zone Project is a free online resource for powerful, effective LGBTQ awareness and ally training workshops.
Social Justice Resources
  • Learning for Justice
    Learning for Justice provides free resources to educators who work with children from kindergarten through high school. Educators use our materials to supplement the curriculum, to inform their practices, and to create civil and inclusive school communities where children are respected, valued and welcome participants.
Librarian JJ Pionke on Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Libraries
Malcolm X on Racism and Police Brutality (1962)
We Cannot Stay Silent About George Floyd: Hasan Minhaj on The Patriot Act
LGBTQIA+ Issues: Complexities of Gender
Information and Education
Indigenous Peoples Indigenous Knowledge  Indigenous Matters in Libraries
Papers & Researches
Alenzuela, R., & Terry, M. A. (2020). Diversity, Indigenous Knowledge, and LIS Pedagogy: Conceptualizing Formal Education in Library and Information Studies in Vanuatu. In Internationalization of Library and Information Science Education in the Asia-Pacific Region (pp. 50-77). IGI Global. Link
Books in the Library
  • Asian Development Bank. Indigenous peoples/ethnic minorities and poverty reduction. Manila, Philippines: Environment and Social Safeguard Division, Regional and Sustainable Development Dept., Asian Development Bank, copyright 2002. 
  • Barnes, R.H. R.H., Andrew Gray, and Benedict Kingsbury. Indigenous peoples of Asia. Michigan: Association for Asian Studies, 1995. 
  • Sweeney Windchief and Timothy S. Applying indigenous research methods : storying with peoples and communities. New York, NY: Routledge. 
  • Doyle, Cathal, and Tebtebba (Organization). Indigenous peoples and the extractive sector : towards a rights-respecting engagement. 2014. 
  • edited by Gene L. Green, Stephen T. Pardu. The Spirit over the earth : pneumatology in the Majority World. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. 
  • edited by Rachelle Winkle-Wagner, Jamila. Critical theory and qualitative data analysis in education. New York, NY: Routledge. 
  • edited by Susan L. Slocum and Carol Kline. Linking urban and rural tourism : strategies in sustainability. Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK: CABI. 
  • Esposito, John L. Religions of Asia today. New York: Oxford University Press. 
  • ---. World religions today. 2017. 
  • Feiring, Birgitte. United Nations & indigenous peoples in developing countries : an evolving partnership. 2014. 
  • Gerstein, Lawrence H. Essentials of cross-cultural counseling. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE Publications, 2012. 
  • Muhi, Ana R.T., and Legal Rights and Natural Resources Center. A Compilation of laws on natural resources and indigenous peoples' right : a field handbook. Philippines: The Legal Rights and Natural Resources Center,Inc. - Kasama sa Kalikasan, 2009. 
  • Perez, Padmapani L. Green entanglements : nature conservation and indigenous peoples' rights in Indonesia and the Philippines. Diliman, Quezon City: The University of the Philippines Press. 
  • Policy on indigenous peoples. Manila: Asian Bank Development Bank, 1999. 
  • Tauli-Corpuz, Victoria. Guide on climate change & indigenous peoples. Baguio City, Philippines: Tebtebba Foundation, 2009. 
Open Access Books
  • Library Services to Indigenous Populations: Case Studies by Loriene Roy (Anishinabe), PhD & Antonia Frydman, MSIS (IFLA, 2017). Download on IFLA
  • Te Ara Tika Guiding Words: Maori Subject Headings by Na Sally Simpson (Maori Subject Headings Steering Group, 2005). Download